I was doing some research in preparation for writing an article on the film, "Zeitgeist" when I came across a web site ,"The Debunking of Zeitgeist Mythology".
This site is no longer on the Internet, but the author of this incredible piece of research, "R. Christopher" has given me exclusive permission to publish his article.
Please abide by his copyright.
by R. Christopher
Email to R. Christopher: "I just want to express my sincere appreciation for your dedication to bringing out the truth. I was crying as I wasted 2 hours of my day watching that propaganda. I am embarrassed to say that I found myself feeling stripped of everything I knew to be true. I'm so thankful to you for your well educated and intelligent response to the lies expressed.... Thank you for being the voice of reason in my moment of weakness...." Julie S.
The film Zeitgeist is the most profound anti-God, anti-Christ, anti-American government piece of propaganda I have ever witnessed. I find Zeitgeist difficult to counter without a tremendous amount of time, study, expense and faith. As one of my sons stated in a letter, Zeitgeist challenges every single notion we hold as true and dear. Hence, I forewarn the nominal Christian. For the rest, do not despair. The analysis below meets Zeitgeist head-on.
Dear Ron: Of immediate concern is Zeitgeist, Part 1. Since governmental conspiracy theories are a dime-a-dozen, the rest of the film is only mildly captivating. The video's transcript and bibliography will be used to investigate Part 1 (See Source A). It is within this initial segment that there are a myriad of points to which anyone can respond. A thorough study of Zeitgeist material would require months if not years to complete. Since it is too costly to purchase and review each and every Zeitgeist bibliographic reference, only a few select sources have been purchased and analyzed. It should be just as obvious that neither can I forward you my library. Hence, the next very best thing has been accomplished: Source Material has been added in hopes to direct you to online supporting data. I do this so you may access background information at no cost. Please be advised Source Material echoes similar sentiments expressed within the books in my library. As you may recall, my library covers both sides of most every religious debate. Hence, references are as unbiased as can be. In addition, and purposefully, a majority of supporting data is secular in nature rather than religious. This should speak volumes in our quest to explore the claims of Zeitgeist.
Before beginning, it is important to note Zeitgeist uses the same form of biased media reporting they so readily denounce within the film and public arena at-large. In other words, they are guilty of the very thing they exclusively attribute to others—the slanting and marketing of ideas using the pen, screen or ‘tube’, as they so summarily espouse. They do so knowing a majority of the populace cannot or will not study opposing views. They neither have the time or money. Zeitgeist's knowledge of this fact is ever present within the film. But in this regard, they are right. We are indeed a society, it seems, forced into obtaining our information ‘fast food’ style.
So it is in this marketplace of motive, record and ideas we find ourselves. If we are bold and seek the truth, as much as we may know it, we may ask: "What is Zeitgeist's motive?" "How accurate are their assertions given the record, historical or otherwise?" and, "Are the conclusions posited representative of a majority of academic acclaim?"
When motive is undeclared, it is left to the imagination of those to whom motive and intention are directed. Such is the case with Zeitgeist. But the clues, the forensic evidence, are in. The film is replete with the same.
The definition of Zeitgeist is "Time Spirit" or prevailing cultural wind (Source B). In the video Zeitgeist, the author employs a postmodern view of the Wizard of Oz as the proverbial "Man behind the curtain" who is responsible for everything wrong in the cosmos, particularly America. But this interpretation is based on conjecture, not necessarily fact. In the original writing by Frank Baum, 1899, The Wizard of Oz had little or nothing to do with an all-encompassing master architect. While it is clear associative similes can be interpolated, the fact remains, Zeitgeist's authors only wish to replace Baum's interpretation of the original Wizard of Oz with their very own version of the same. It is at this juncture we must ask, "What man, whose man, is behind the curtain... this time?" What is the motive of this new wizard? Zeitgeist makes it abundantly clear the object of the film is to rip at the very fabric of current social, political, cultural and religious convention—all without an alternative offered by the same. It goes without saying it is always easier to be critical of something than it is to offer a solution. So, why should we be surprised by Zeitgeist's bellowing? We should not. And neither should we fear.
In concluding this introductory segment on the film, it is important to note the majority of Zeitgeist's bibliographic references are not confirmation of facts, whatsoever. This does not reflect badly upon sources but rather Zeitgeist, in that referential content contains little more than 'points of view.' In other words, they prove very little, if anything at all. Zeitgeist's bibliographic references are mere reflections of stated opinion, not facts. And conjecture alone is without substantive process.
Oceans, Cell Reproduction and Transitional Species:
9-11, World War Events, Soldier Crying while Saluting the American Flag:
Zeitgeist's Use Of The Comedian George Carlin: Used as an opening to degrade religion and God.
Zeitgeist Assertions, The film, Part 1
Please note that the film's transcript is not verbatim. Words, terms, phrases are added or omitted when compared to the film. It is also true lecture segments are not contained within the transcript. Please cross reference Source A (Zeitgeist's transcript) with paragraph and sentence denotation below. I will only address major points of concern. For topics I do not address, I either agree with Zeitgeist or am indifferent to the same.
Note: Zeitgeist paragraph and sentence denotation will be listed as "P," "S" or "Part." P = the Paragraph # within Zeitgeist’s transcript; S = the Sentence number within the paragraph; Part = a number of sentences or claims within the paragraph. Anything I have to say about Zeitgeist's claims will be listed as "My Response." Refer to Source A, the film's transcript and bibliography, when scrutinizing.
P1, S5: "These realities made the sun the most adored object of all."
P3, S2: "The sun, with its life-giving and saving qualities was personified as a representative of the unseen creator or god... ‘God's Sun [implication: God's Son], the light of the world [implication: Jesus], the savior of human kind [implication: the Messiah].'"
Note: For the sake of time and expense, I will only address one god, Horus, in detail. The reasoning behind this is twofold. First, secular academia points to the African continent as being the place for man's origins. In this regard, no other religious belief system could be as old. Second, Zeitgeist uses the North African province of Egypt as well as its hieroglyphics to draw a parallel to Christianity. Thus, to address the false deity of Horus, as the film suggests, is to address the rest.
P5, S1 (Part 1): "Boldly speaking, the story of Horus is as follows: Horus was born on December 25th..." [Emphasis added.]
Facts of the Matter: Only a few pre-Christian gods' birthdays were celebrated on December 25th, certainly not all, or even most. Horus, Ishtar and Mithra to name the minority. But this is understandable given the celestial realities of the pagan. To these individuals and communities, December 25th represented the winter solstice—a day in which shorter nights and longer days could be anticipated. It was their primary annual festival. But December 25th does not equate to Christ's birth either biblically or outside the early Catholic church. Christ's birthday cannot be ascertained, period. The Bible is non-specific. The date is not mentioned and thus unimportant. In fact, it is more likely Christ was born in March rather than December, for whatever it's worth. The earliest reference to the Christian celebration of Christmas is found in the Calendar of Filocalus, a manuscript compiled in Rome in AD 354. It is recorded the Christmas jubilee was created and installed on December 25th by the early Catholic church in order to entice Roman pagans to convert to Christianity. This particular act was to ensure pagans that a complete and immediate abandonment of the winter festival was not a prerequisite to accepting Christ. (Source G.) The early Catholic church assigned this date, not the Bible. Zeitgeist brings charges against Christianity for employing the same date as pagans but again, this charge is misguided. Christianity is far greater and more extensive than any of its parts, for example, any particular denomination or sect. Thus, Zeitgeist's inference may be rejected.
"It is often argued that Isis was not a virgin because, in one version of the myth, she impregnated herself using the severed phallus of Osiris [the envisioned father of Horus] after he was killed and torn to pieces.... A ‘miracle conception.'" [Emphasis added]
Note: There is no mention of Isis as a “virgin” in this bibliographic reference. It is also just as true Zeitgeist defeats its own purpose by admitting: "It is often argued that Isis was not a virgin." As if this is not enough, Zeitgeist goes on to introduce the idea of an "Immaculate Conception" as well. This is a further attempt to set the stage for anti-Christian propaganda.
In the next Zeitgeist bibliographic reference, it is recorded:
"However, in another version of the myth, Frazer points out that Isis was impregnated with Horus: While she fluttered in the form of a hawk over the crops of her dead husband... a ‘virgin conception'"
Note: How does Frazer or anybody else for that matter deduce from this bibliographic reference Isis was a virgin when impregnated? And this is the passage Zeitgeist wants to use in validating Isis as a virgin? And how is it Massey and thus Zeitgeist conclude Horus' birth was "a virgin conception"? This incorrectly derived conclusion ‘Tilts the Table’ or ‘Leads the Witness’ to dubious ends. Zeitgeist's use of redaction is truly a reduction in truth. Its methodology is treacherous, bogus and unscholarly. But the aim and the target remain undaunted—Christ and His followers. (Sources F, G, H and I.)
Gerald Massey was born in Herfordshire, UK, in the year 1828. Massey grew up in poor, gloomy, stressful and deprived conditions. It is the opinion of this author Massey's childhood could not help but to affect him throughout the rest of his life. His outlook and eccentricity in later years was made obvious through his emotive poetry and rebellion from the religious norm. Massey was: 1) a Modern Spiritualist, 2) an evolutionist and 3) the ‘chief’ of the Most Ancient Order of the Druids from 1880 to 1906—a non-Celtic, secret pagan society. His associations included both the scholarly and the not so scholarly regarding his 4) frequent ties to Freemasonry. After spending years as a poet, Massey truncated to deciphering Shakespearian sonnets as many voiced their distrust for Massey's interpretations. Knowing Gerald Massey was self-taught did little in the way of promoting his cause. Massey later migrated to the field of Egyptology where most of his works continued to be a matter of dispute amongst learned Egyptologists and a matter of intrigue for those desiring a godless cosmogony. It is here Massey's subterfuge persisted as he ineptly attempted to tie Egypt's symbology to the story of Christ and Christianity. Indubitably, Massey's writings, books and lectures were designed for the few, both then and now. Massey's continued impoverishment seemingly forced and channeled his narrative effort. This, apparently, was to bring attention to his work and thus the financial support he so fervently sought. Massey died in 1907. And the likes of Freud, Marx, Nietzsche and the resulting humanist movement followed. (Sources H(1), (2), (3), (4) and (5).)
P5, S2 (Part 2): "... Which in turn, three kings followed to locate and adorn the new-born savior."
P5, S3 (Part 2): "... He was baptized by a figure known as Anup..."
P5, S5: "Horus was known by many gestural names such as The Truth, The Light, God's Anointed Son, The Good Shepherd, the Lamb of God, and many others."
P5, S6: "After being betrayed by Typhon, Horus was crucified, buried for 3 days, and thus, resurrected."
P11, Part 1: "The fact of the matter is there are numerous saviors, from different periods, from all over the world, which subscribe to these general characteristics."
P11, Part 2: "The question remains, why these attributes..."
P11, Part 7: "... Why 12 disciples or followers?"
P11, Part 8: "To find out, let's examine the most recent of the solar messiahs."
P12, Part 4: "... At the age of 30 he was baptized by John the Baptist, and thus began his ministry...."
P13, Remainder of S1: "The star in the east is Sirius, the brightest star in the night sky, which on December 24th, aligns with the 3 brightest stars in Orion's Belt. These three bright stars are called in ancient times: The Three Kings. The Three kings and the brightest star, Sirius, all point to the place of the sunrise on December 24th. This is why the Three kings 'follow' the star in the east, in order to locate the sunrise-the birth of the sun."
P14, S2 and S3: "Virgo is also referred to as the House of bread, and the representation of Virgo is a virgin holding a sheaf of wheat. This House of Bread and its symbol of wheat represents August and September, the time of harvest.”
After this bibliographic reference, does anymore have to be said? Does anymore need to be written? It is just as true neither do attached studies support Zeitgeist's claim that "Virgo is also referred to as the House of Bread." (Sources P(1), P(2), D, E, and H(5).)
To insist the word Bethlehem is a reference to the constellation Virgo is to form a conclusion based on two questionable, if not three false, premises (review P14, S2-S5 above).
P15, S8 & S10: "…During this three day pause, the Sun resides in the vicinity of the Southern Cross, or Crux, constellation…. And thus it was said: the Sun died on the cross, was dead for three days, only to be resurrected or born again.”
P15, S12: "It is the Sun’s transition period before it shifts its direction back into the Northern Hemisphere, bringing spring, and thus salvation.”
First, the phrase "Christian followers of Mithra," is a misapplication of terms. The two words are contradictory and thus, self-defeating. There is no such thing as a "Christian" who follows Mithra or any other religious belief system for that matter. Second, the introduction of Mithra into the Roman world did not occur until 2nd century AD. (Source N(1).) This shows a merging of some belief systems long after Christ’s death—often via the Gnostics. Hence, we may say with some certainty that it was Mithraism’s induction of Christian beliefs rather than the reverse. (See P6, “Mithra of Persia” above and Sources N(1) and N(2).) Third, Jesus' selection of 12 disciples was not without historical, biblical precedent. The 12 disciples mirrored the 12 tribes of Israel, not 12 astrological signs. The 12 tribes of Israel existed long before 5th century Zodiacal worship. (See P2, S1 and P18.)
P20: “Now of the many astrological-astronomical metaphors in the bible, one of the most important has to do with the ages. Throughout the scripture there are numerous references to the ‘Age’….”
P22, S1: “Now Jesus is the figure who ushers in the age following Aries, the Age of Pices the Two Fish….”
P23: “At Luke 22:10 when Jesus is asked by his disciples where the next Passover will be, Jesus replied: ‘behold when ye are entered into the city, there shall a man meet you bearing a picture of water… follow him into the house where he entereth in’….”
P24: “Now, we have all heard about the end times and the end of the world…. The main source of this idea comes from Matthew 28:20, where Jesus says: ‘I will be with you even to the end of the world.’ However, in the King James Version, ‘world’ is a mistranslation, among many mistranslations. The actual word being used is ‘aeon,’ which means ‘age’….”
Strong’s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible:
P25, S2: “For example, inscribed about 3500 years, on the walls of the Temple of Luxor in Egypt are images of the enunciation, the immaculate conception, the birth, and the adoration of Horus. The images begin with Thaw announcing to the virgin Isis that she will conceive Horus, then Nef the holy ghost impregnating the virgin, and then the virgin birth and the adoration.”
Of particular import here is one’s stance on the chronological history of the Bible. One of the most popular Christian views involves the calculated biblical genealogical record of Archbishops Ussher and Lightfoot.
According to Ussher and Lightfoot, the flood would have taken place somewhere around 2348 BC (Source X(1)).
The difference seems inexplicable. But perhaps it is not.
Science and an “Old Earth Cosmology:” This view is typically held by science and thus the secularized world as well. Science bases its claims on the presumed faultless accomplishments of scientific inquiry. However, science is not without shortcomings either. Any reasonable scientist will acknowledge this fact. Science informs us the earth is 4.5 billion years old. This age is supposedly verifiable through such measuring techniques as radiocarbon dating. But scientists are aware that C-14's half life (5,700 years) quantifies carbon based material to approximately 3692 BC. They are also aware earlier dates must be obtained in unison with a preconceived, evolutionary, geological stratigraphy that only exists in carefully edited secular textbooks and are never quite so obvious when working within the actual geological column. Hence, science’s present tautology regarding age and dating becomes man’s dilemma because theory, once again, has been passed along as fact. Science also posits a universe that is some 14-18 billion years old. It quantifies these estimates by way of extrapolating measured results of background radiation, etc., back to a theoretical, protracted point in time. But the premise on which these theories are constructed may be wrong—at least to some degree. Recent astronomical observations attest to a universe that is anything but homogeneous and isotropic as Big Bang proponents hypothesize. Science is also aware that we cannot precisely measure astronomical phenomena beyond a few hundred or thousand light years from earth without a series of assumptions being added to the equation. Anything further is no more than an estimated (calculated) guess at distance or age.
So, who or what are we to believe concerning the dating of the flood?
Theology attempts to provide saints with a ‘refiner’s fire’ by which to curtail our inclination to sin. But it stokes these fires whenever there is an abuse of power at the clerical or authoritative level. In the process, souls are inadvertently misguided when we take out of context all that God intends to veil. This is particularly true given cosmology. While a Young Earth cosmology may appear easily deduced from Scripture, it is no more than an “assumed” possibility—one of many. It is not fact. It is not specified within the Bible. We must either believe in Ussher and Lightfoot’s genealogical interpretation, recognizing that gaps potentially exist within the record, or forego the unknown. This is not to suggest that a multitude of theories cannot apply between science and theology, because they can and do—but they remain just that—theories. However, something more serious is at stake regarding this debate. A few so-called "Bible scholars" have tied a Young Earth Cosmology to one’s soteriological position. This narrow view causes people to stumble (Rom. 14:5). This stance is ridiculous in light of the fact that neither cosmological view can be disqualified from at least some consideration. But science is not exempt from potential errors either.
So, what are we to believe regarding Noah, the ark, and the flood? Like most arguments, perhaps the answer lays somewhere in the middle.
P27, P28 and P29 (Part 1): Regarding Moses. Please read Zeitgeist’s transcript for details.
Conservative Christian View Regarding Moses:
Conclusion: If we look at written accounts, Moses’ story appears to have come first. If we consider Ussher and Lightfoot’s chronology may have fallen short, it is even more apparent Moses’ record precedes Sargon’s.
The Ten Commandments:
Note: The first appearance of a document within the archaeological record may or may not correlate to the actual date of the reported event. Hence, authorship, if recorded, is also briefly summarized. Please keep this in-mind when reviewing the below.
Conservative Christian View Regarding Moses and the Ten Commandments:
Secular View of the Book of the Dead (Spell 125):
(See Pritchard, Ancient Near Eastern Texts.)
Conclusion: Given the uncertainty as to when Spell 125 was written, it is possible the Ten Commandments rival Spell 125 in chronological history. If we consider the possibility of biblical chronological shortsightedness, then it is tenable the former precedes the latter. It is also interesting to note that no individual can be cited as the author of the Book of the Dead, within which Spell 125 resides. In fact, the book has been altered hundreds if not thousands of times by various Egyptian clerics and Royalty. This further exacerbates an effort to date the Spell. However, perhaps it is more important to understand the difference between the two writings. The Ten Commandments represent a concise, positive imperative from God to man and the life he should lead. Spell 125 represents a countless disarray of negative protestations by the already dead (mortuary and funerary rites).
P29 (Part 2): “In fact, the Egyptian religion is likely the primary foundational basis for the Judeo-Christian theology. Baptism, afterlife, final judgment, virgin birth, and resurrection, crucifixion, the ark of the covenant, circumcision, saviors, holy communion, the great flood, Easter, Christmas, Passover, and many, many more, are all attributes of Egyptian ideas, long predating Christianity and Judaism.”
Virgin Birth: Previously addressed. There is no “Virgin Birth” within the ramblings of Zeitgeist or within the annals of Egyptian myth (See P5, S1 (Part 2) above.)
Holy Communion: Outside of Zeitgeist’s non-footnoted bibliographic reference regarding this topic, no other evidence can be found substantiating holy communion within Egyptian folklore. As a matter of fact, the act of Communion can only be academically ascribed to Christ. Zeitgeist’s non-footnoted outcry is terribly indistinct. In fact, Zeitgeist’s questionable recitation discusses only the offering of blood for the excitation of male genitalia. (See Zeitgeist’s bibliographic reference.)
Christmas: In summary, previously discussed. (See P5, S1 (Part 1) above.)
P31: Please read Zeitgeist’s transcript for details.
Extant Manuscripts Concerning Jesus’ Historicity (Not all included):
- Dead Sea Scrolls (e.g., Crucified Messiah Scroll, Son of God Scroll, 4Q246 Scroll, Cave 7 Scroll, 7Q5 Scroll).
Third, Zeitgeist would have viewers believe that Christians quote from only four sources. This, simply, is not true. See the above data. Fourth, when Zeitgeist concedes that three records contain “Only a few sentences at best and only refer to the Christus or the Christ,” Zeitgeist essentially refutes their very own premise in that no, “Not one” historian ever wrote about Christ. Because of this, no historical quotes are even necessary. Fifth, Zeitgeist claims an excerpt from Josephus has been fraudulently misquoted, and for hundreds of years. This assertion is not true. All one has to do to explore this fact is follow directions under point one above.
Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Paul, James, Peter, the writer of Hebrews, the writer of Jude.
Over 5,000 Greek manuscripts, in whole or part, establish the body of the New Testament. The New Testament was complete by AD 95, some sixty years or so after Jesus’ death. There is not a single classical literary work in the world that maintains as many extant copies so closely transcribed from the original as does the New Testament. This would obviously include such notable authors and their respective works as: Caesar, Livy, Plato, Thucydides, Herodotus, Horace, Sophocles, Lucretius, Catullus, Euripedes, Demosthenes, Aristotle, Aristophanes and Homer (lliad). (See McDowell New Evidence that Demands a Verdict.)
Returning to P32 for a moment, Zeitgeist asks a very important question: “How many historians document this [Jesus] figure?” In my mind, enough to validate the claims therein. To reject resources simply because one does not wish to believe in an account (without empirical evidence to the contrary) is to enter into the logical fallacy of genetic.
While Diocletian, Voltaire and others have promised the demise of the Bible and the Judeo-Christian faith, it remains as Yeshua Ha Mashiach would have it: “Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.” (Matt. 24:35.)
P35: “Christianity, along with all other theistic belief systems, is the fraud of the age. It served to detach the species from the natural world, and likewise, each other. It supports blind submission to authority. It reduces human responsibility to the effect that “God” controls everything, and in turn awful crimes can be justified in the name of Divine Pursuit. And most importantly, it empowers those who know the truth but use the truth to manipulate and control societies. The religious myth is the most powerful device ever created, and serves as the psychological soil upon which other myths can flourish.”
In articulating the necessity of God, it is again quite simple: 1) Occam's Razor (sometimes spelled Ockham's razor) is the principle which states: "All other things being equal, the simple solution is the best." The principle suggests that an explanation of any phenomenon should make as few assumptions as possible. In other words, when competing ideas are altogether considered, the principle of Occam's razor demands the theory with the least number of assumptions and entities be selected. It is an idea first postulated by the 4thcentury English Franciscan friar, William of Ockham. However, its strength and veracity exist with us today. It is currently used as a heuristic maxim that advises economy, simplicity and even science itself. 2) Evolution v. Creationism: We were either created or we evolved. There are no other options. The problem with evolution is that it is a dead end. Evolution only attempts to address the origin of the species—not the origin of the cosmos. Hence, evolution leaves us asking the deeper question still: "How did the earth, the universe, get here in order for us to evolve—if that was indeed the mechanism?" Evolution has no answer. Science posits the Big Bang as the answer but the same question lingers: “From whence did the Big Bang occur?” Creation is the only option answering the ultimate, non-created Creator question. And, as Mr. Ockham stated, it is much more reasonable to accept the less complex than the opaque. 3) Anselm of Cantebury once reasoned, one cannot envision a thing much greater than God, therefore He, God, must exist. For what it's worth, I have added to Anselm's hypothesis. It is my contention that one cannot conceptually envision God unless God truly exists, at least in part. For we cannot envision something that does not exist, at least in part. If God exists in part, then by literal definition, He must exist, necessarily. 4) The Scientific Method calls for conclusions to be verifiable, repeatable and for conclusions to be upheld by a majority of their peers. In other words, science admonishes results that do not encompass empirical evidence. By definition, this means that in order for science to support certain findings they must be verifiable through observation and/or experiment. This is the definition of empirical. Christ is the empirical evidence of God. He is historically verifiable. His acts were repeatable. His life was experientially observed. To randomly exclude the writings of Jesus' early followers as verifiable and observable evidence for the historicity of Jesus is to enter into the logical fallacy of genetic. 5) Faith v. Reason and Logic: Human reason, logic, philosophy and mathematics are imperfect. But they are the basis of secular academics and the world in which we live—even though we stand juxtaposed at times. We do so because the application of these systems by humans is not failsafe. They are fallible. This leaves us with faith alone—at every turn, regardless of the endeavor. We cannot cross a street or sit in a chair without faith. "Faith" may be the only thing we "know," as much of an oxymoron that this statement might represent. We do, in fact, "KNOW" very little. Even history itself can be tainted. It is the opinion of this author Zeitgeist endeavors to do just that: to taint history and thus modern man. The authors of Zeitgeist either exclude or distort most major historical and academic works known to man. Their motive seems clear: the demotion of the majority by the minority. This is the desire of the few—the so-called intellectual community—the self-elect body of the divine who think themselves God. Zeitgeist is the ‘New Prevailing Postmodern Spirit.’ This spirit seems to be taking hold across a country where ignorance is pervasive and sometimes bliss, as unlearned soul after unlearned soul fall victim to the "New man behind the curtain." We are, as Christ Himself so readily knew, being led to the slaughter like sheep. And few, it seems, are even aware this is happening. We must be like the Jew who first arrived at German extermination camps during WWII, somewhat at a loss as to what confronted them. It is a shame, and not so much for the victim as it is for the perpetrator of such crimes. 6) The Judeo-Christian Faith is so much more stable, believable and provable than any other religion in the world. The characters are not conjured up or animated as in cartoons. They do not change in name or trait. The story is not fictionalized, dramatized or updated at every turn. It is not re-written because of change or shortcomings in societies or leaders. Its consistency remains the same. There are no transitional gods. Stories are not adjusted. They are not assimilated. The biblical record has proven to be translated and transferred with great care. The biblical God does not contain a pantheon of gods to do His job. There is only one observed God, Who walked the earth with man. He is not merely some glyph or depiction on a wall. He is not merely a concept, a myth, a nice story at bedtime. He is not merely an ideal or thought or replication of any terrestrial or celestial phenomenon. He was and is reality. He is the Creator. His name is Jesus. 7) Blaise Pascal, the great French scientist and mathematician and contemporary of Descartes, once wagered: "What have you got to lose if you believe in God and God exists?" More succinctly he also wagered: "What have you got to lose if you do not believe in God and God exists?" These are questions we all should be willing to ‘wager.’ Perhaps after all is said and done, we should take our lead from such great and notable men as Ockham, Anselm and Pascal. For they seem to know more than I can even imagine.
P.S. Thank you for asking me about the legitimacy of this film. I believe you have your answer. I love you! Give my regards to your family.
(A/K/A R. Christopher )
Note: As mentioned earlier, it would be impossible to broadcast my library to anyone . Neither do I wish to send people on a wild, expensive goose chase in order to try and find resources that neither exist or are not so easily accessible. This study was not designed for the academic who has an infinite number of resources at their disposal. It was designed for those on-line so that they might access unbiased information at no cost. I make no apology for this. All Source Material, attachments, books and notes are in the hand of the author.
2. Bowersock, G. W., Fiction As History (University of California Press, Berkeley, CA, 1994).
3. Tudge, Colin, The Time Before History (Scribner, NY, 1996).
4. Van Doren, Charles, A History of Knowledge (Ballantine Books, NY, 1991).
5. Eliade, Mircea, A History of Religious Ideas, 4 vols. (The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 1982).
6. Smith, Mark, S., The Early History of God (HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, San Francisco, CA, 1990).
7. James, Peter, Centuries of Darkness (Rutgers University Press, New Brunswick, NJ, 1993).
8. Roberts, J. M., History of the World (Oxford University Press, NY, 1993).
9. Armstrong, Karen, A History of God (Ballantine Books, NY, 1993).
10. Grun, Bernard, The Timetables of History; 3rd Revised Edition, Based upon Werner Stein’s Kulturfahrplan (A Touchstone Book, Published by Simon & Schuster, NY, 1991).
11. Pritchard, James, B., Ed., Ancient Near Eastern Texts (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1969), p. 34.
12. Budge, E. A., Wallis, The Egyptian Book of the Dead: The Papyrus of Ani (Tess Press, an imprint of Black Dog & Leventhal Publishers, Inc., British Museum, 1895).
13. Massey, Gerald, Ancient Egypt, The Light of the World (Nu Visions Publications, LLC, ISBN 1-59547-994-5, 2004).
14. Rohl, David M., Pharaohs and Kings (Crown Publishers, Inc., NY, 1995).
15. Hancock, Graham and Robert Bauval, The Message of the Sphinx (Crown Publishers, Inc., NY, 1996).
16. Eliade, Mircea, Essential Sacred Writings from Around the World (HarperSanFrancisco, A Division of HarperCollinsPublishers, NY, 1967).
17. Harpur, James, The Atlas of Sacred Places (A Henry Holt Reference Book, Henry Holt and Company, NY, 1994).
18. Redford, Donald, B., Egypt, Canaan, and Israel in Ancient Times (Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1992).
19. Smelik, Klass, A. D., Writings from Ancient Israel (Westminster/John Knox Press, Louisville, KY, 1991).
20. Jordan, Michael, Encyclopedia of Gods (Facts on File, NY, 1993).
21. Finegan, Jack, Myth & Mystery, An introduction to the Pagan Religions of the Biblical World (Baker Book House, Grand Rapids, MI, 1989).
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42. Casti, John, Paradigms Lost (Avon Books, NY, 1989).
43. Pellegrino, Charles, Return to Sodom and Gomorrah (Random House, NY, 1994).
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50. Keller, Werner, The Bible as History (William Morrow & Company, Inc., NY, 1980).
51. Mazar, Amihai, Archaeology of the Land of the Bible, 10,000—586 B.C.E. (Doubleday, NY, 1990).
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55. Klagsbrun, Francine, Jewish Days (Farrar Straus Giroux, NY, 1985).
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76. Grant, Robert, M., Gods and the One God (The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1986).
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78. Davies, Brian and G. R. Evans, Eds., Anselm of Cantebury (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1998).
79. Ayer, Alfred, Jules, Language, Truth & Logic (Dover publications, Inc., NY, 1952).
80. Fisher, Alec, The Logic of Real Arguments (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1996).
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82. Boa, Kenneth D., Faith Has Its Reasons (NavPress, Colorado Springs, Co, 2001).
83. Blamires, Harry, The Christian Mind (Vine Books, Servant Publications, Ann Arbor, MI, 19630.
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85. Breese, Dave, Seven Men Who Rule the World from the Grave (Moody Press, Chicago, 1990).
86. Sproul, R. C., Not A Chance (Baker Books, Grand Rapids, MI, 1994).
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90. Geisler, Norman, L., Baker Encyclopedia of Christian Apologetics (Baker Books, Grand Rapids, MI, 1999).
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